1. authority 权威，当局
Mexican authorities noticed a large number of hospitalizations and deaths among healthy adults.
One authority says that these intensely powerful mental events can be not only harnessed but actually brought under conscious control.
2. equivalent 等价物
The digital credential would be a "voluntary trusted identity" system that would be the high-tech equivalent of a physical key, a fingerprint and a photo ID card.
3. alternative 替代物
They tend to keep a tighter hold on their purse and consider eating at home a realistic alternative.
4. substitute 代替物
Devoted concertgoers reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance.
5. community 具有共性的人 (社区，…届)
The approach would create a "walled garden" in cyberspace, with safe "neighborhoods" and bright "streetlights" to establish a sense of a trusted community.
6. transaction 交易
The individuals and organizations can complete online transactions with confidence.
7. mentality 心态
It seems clear that such a scheme is an initiative push toward what would eventually be a compulsory of Internet "driver's license" mentality.
8. skepticism 怀疑
The plan has also been greeted with skepticism by some computer security experts.
History and news become confused, and one's impressions tend to be a mixture of skepticism and optimism.
9. executive 高级管理者
But Edward Dolman, the chief executive, says: "I'm pretty confident we're at the bottom."
10. irony 讽刺
This episode crystallizes the irony that, although American men tend to talk more than women in public situations, they rarely talk at home.
11. preference 偏爱
The first and more important is the consumer's growing preference for eating out.
12. predominance 优势
Just as inevitably, the retreat from predominance proved painful.
13. pattern 图案，模式
The pattern was observed by political scientist Andrew Hacker in the late 1970s.
14. infrastructure 基础设施
Big retailers could profitably apply their scale, existing infrastructure and proven skills in the management of product ranges, logistics, and marketing intelligence.
15. inequity 不公正
In my own research, complaints from women about their husbands most often focused not on tangible inequities such as having given up the chance for a career to accompany a husband.
16. humanity 人类，人性
He is publishing a paper which not only suggests that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but explains the process that has brought this about.
His concern is mainly with the humanities: Literature, languages, philosophy and so on.
17. revival 复活，复兴
Is there any chance that Cardus's criticism will enjoy a revival? The prospect seems remote.
18. amateur 业余爱好者
Moreover, the amateur tradition in music criticism has been in headlong retreat.
19. corporation 公司
Corporations could use such approaches to introduce new routines.
It's a self-examination that has involved issues of responsibility, creative freedom and the corporate bottom line.
20. economy 经济，经济体
Rich economies are also less dependent on oil than they were, and so less sensitive to swings in the oil price.
21. adolescent 青少年
Chewing gum, once bought primarily by adolescent boys, is now featured in commercials as a breath freshener and teeth cleanser for use after a meal.
Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence.
23. jury 陪审团
Many Americans regard the jury system as a concrete expression of crucial democratic values.
24. qualification 资格
There is a principle that all citizens should meet minimal qualifications of age and literacy.
25. specialization 专门化
Specialization can be seen as a response to the problem of an increasing accumulation of scientific knowledge.